Frailty, Resilience And Inequality in Later Life (fRaill)

The ageing of our population poses a variety of challenges and opportunities.

The importance of minimising dependency and maximising social engagement to address these challenges is well recognised. Less discussed is how underlying processes are patterned by social and economic inequalities, and that addressing these inequalities in later life is important to meeting the challenges posed by ageing populations.

The fRaill project is directly concerned with providing an integrated understanding of processes leading to positive and negative outcomes in later life in the context of social inequalities.

It takes an interdisciplinary approach to examine the causal processes relating to frailty and wellbeing at older ages and will consider factors operating at particular points of the life-course, genetic, metabolic, psychological and social processes, resilience and vulnerability and how these are framed by socioeconomic inequalities.

Project website


  • Medical Research Council (MRC)

Grant amount


Manchester people

Affiliates and partners

  • Katey Matthews (English Longitudinal Study on Ageing)
  • Nicholas Rattray
  • Alan Marshall (University of St Andrews)